Understanding the Foundational Principles
It took the Founders 180 years of trial and error and study to come up with the formula for freedom, prosperity, and peace. From Jamestown and Plymouth , where they experimented with communal and socialistic systems, to the writing of the Constitution in 1787, they recorded hundreds of volumes of their successes and failures. They carefully recorded and documented their feelings and observations so that when they came to Philadelphia in 1787, they pretty well knew the basic principles for liberty even though they disagreed on the methods.
For example, observing the near disasters in Jamestown and Plymouth years earlier with communal living, Samuel Adams wrote:
“The utopian schemes of leveling [redistribution of the wealth], and a community of goods [central ownership of all the means of production and distribution], are as visionary and impracticable as those which vest all property in the Crown. [These ideas] are arbitrary, despotic, and, in our government, unconstitutional.”
Under the new Constitution there would be no redistribution of the wealth.
Another example is the absolute feeling of the Founders that the national government should not tax the people directly based on their income. In fact, they felt so strongly about this that they put a prohibition of income tax right into the Constitution (Art. I.9.4)!
Reprinted from http://freedom.greatnet.us/liberty.htm